Home » Languages » English (Sr. Swaminathan (c) Dr. B.P. Green revolution was the advanvement in agriculture and production of crops and higher yields because of the introduction of new machines, use of effective fertilisers and other chemicals, introduction of high-yielding varieties, etc. The Green Revolution was introduced to the Indian farmers for the cultivation of rice and wheat using HYV seeds. 12. Failures of green revolution 12. Green revolution has benefited the industrial development. Green revolution is the rapid increase in agricultural production (especially wheat and rice) during 1960-70. Instead of increase in wages, they decreased as there was so much demand for agricultural labour. Merits of the Green Revolution Green Revolution introduced a number of modern farming methods in India. Good irrigation enhances production. 6. It was thought that with the increased production due to Green Revolution, government can maintain buffer stock and India can achieve self-sufficiency and self-reliable. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. Merits of the Green Revolution. Class-12CBSE Board - Green Revolution and its Social Consequences - LearnNext offers animated video lessons with neatly explained examples, Study Material, FREE … Low Irrigation Facility: The well irrigated and permanent irrigated area was only 17% in 1951. It led to increase in the production of food grains, especially, of rice and wheat. But environmental degradation makes the Green Revolution an overall inefficient, short-term solution to the problem of food insecurity. The major part of area was dependent on rainfall and, consequently, agriculture suffered from low level of production. Green Revolution refers to the process in which crop production is increased many-fold. The Questions and Answers of Write a short note on Green Revolution? 5. 13. Social Consequences of Green Revolution. (a) It was a blueprint for India’s economic future. Loss of fertility with use of chemicalfertilizers. Many industries producing agriculture, machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc., have come up to meet the growing demand for these commodities. 3. Throughout history there have been many revolutions that have occurred and changed human lives, such as the American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. (iii) Higher yield enabled farmers to sell the surplus food in the market and earn more. (b) It supported state-ownership of industry. These seeds however required plenty of water and also chemical fertilisers and pesticides to produce best results. 4. Need of Green Revolution. Agriculture is regarded as a profitable occupation. The term green revolution was coined by _____ (a) William S Gaud (b) M.S. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 12, which is also the largest student community of Class 12. Borlaug Green Revolution, term referring mainly to dramatic increases in cereal-grain yields in many developing countries beginning in the late 1960s, due largely to use of genetically improved varieties. It brought about significant increase in food production in India. Class-12-commerce » Economics. What Is the Green Revolution? Payment was shifted from land to cash. The green revolution allows imparting such techniques in agriculture which may provide a sustainable development. Dr. Verghese Kurien is known as the father of White Revolution in India. Surplus food can be sold to earn more. Standard of living has gone up in Punjab. The green revolution has been basically a contribution of the middle class peasantry who have had traditionally a strong attachment to land and agriculture as a mode of life and livelihood. Conclusion Green Revolution has done a lot of positive things, saving the lives of millions peoples and exponentially increasing the yield of food crops. Indian Economy 1950-1990 Class 12 Notes Economics in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Merits of green revolution : 1. is known as Golden Revolution. Rich became richer and poor became poorer. 1. All work which used to be done by manual labour was replaced by machines (harvestees etc.) (iv) Effect on Consumers: Green revolution has brought prosperity to rural masses. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides and weedicides in order to reduce agricultural loses. Borlaug has been hailed as father of Green Revolution, but MS Swaminathan is known as 'Father of Green Revolution in India'.. Learn more about the green revolution in this article. Explain the statement that green revolution enabled the government to procure sufficient food grains to build its stocks that could be used during times of shortage. (i) Higher yield due to the use of HYV seeds. Pal (d) Dr. N.E. The Third Agricultural Revolution, which is commonly referred to as the "Green Revolution," refers to a set of initiatives in the field of research technologies that began in the 1950s and finished in the late 1960s. Higher Yield. 2. Introduction of new and high yielding variety of seeds. Green Revolution introduces a number of modern farming methods in India. The best app for CBSE students now provides Indian Economy 1950-1990 class 12 Notes Economics latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school-based annual examinations. 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